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Anatomy of the Golden Retriever


BACK: The portion of the topline between the loin and the withers.

CROUP: The muscular area above and around where the tail connects to the body.

DEWCLAW: A fifth claw which is located in the inside of the front feet, and is higher than the other toes. Some dewclaws are removed as a puppy to prevent injuries (dewclaws can get ripped or torn – always keep your golden’s dewclaws trimmed short).

HOCK: The joint on the rear of the back legs, between the rear pastern and stifle.

LOIN: The section of the body located on both sides of the backbone between the ribs and the hips.

MUZZLE: The front part of the jaws.

PASTERN: The section of the leg below the knee of the front leg or below the hock of the hind leg.

STIFLE: The knee joint of the hind leg. “Hindquarter Angulation” refers to the angle formed at this joint.

STOP: The frontal portion of the skull between the eyes and the top of the head.

WITHERS: Located just behind the base of the neck. A dog’s height is measured at the withers.


Golden Retriever Club of Canada’s (GRCC) Breed Standard:


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